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Pre-engineered steel building applications in agricultural construction

Expert opinion - 15/05/2024

The agricultural sector in Vietnam is experiencing robust development, necessitating the application of modern, efficient, and cost-effective construction solutions. Pre-engineered buildings (or Prefabricated steel building) have emerged as an optimal choice for agricultural projects due to their superior advantages. This article will delve into analyzing the diverse applications of pre-engineered steel buildings in constructing factories, warehouses, and agricultural facilities, while also sharing practical benefits and important considerations when using this type of material:

1. What is a pre-engineered steel building?

A pre-engineered steel building is a type of structure designed, fabricated, and assembled using standardized components and methods before being transported to the construction site.

These buildings are designed to meet specific requirements and are manufactured off-site, allowing for faster and more efficient construction. Steel components include frames, roofs, floors, walls, doors, windows, etc.

The pre-engineered steel building construction process involves three main stages:

1. Design: Engineers calculate and design steel components for the project based on usage requirements, terrain, and climatic conditions.

2. Component fabrication: Steel components are fabricated in factories according to the design drawings using modern machinery to ensure high accuracy.

3. On-site assembly: Steel components are transported to the construction site and assembled according to predefined sequences.

Concept of pre-engineered steel buildings

See more: Pre-Engineered Building: Applications, Cost and Models 2024

2. Advantages of pre-engineered steel buildings in agricultural projects

Prefabricated steel buildings are increasingly being widely applied in agricultural construction due to their numerous superior advantages over traditional structures such as wooden houses, or low-rise buildings. Below are the key advantages that make pre-engineered steel buildings the top choice for agricultural projects:

2.1. Increased crop and livestock productivity

  • Effective environmental control: Thanks to their flexible design, pre-engineered steel buildings allow for adjusting environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, and light inside, suitable for different types of crops and livestock, optimizing the growth and development process.
  • Minimized adverse weather impacts: The robustness of pre-engineered steel buildings protects crops and livestock from adverse weather conditions such as heavy rain, storms, salt mist, etc.
  • Disease prevention: Environmental control and limited direct contact with the outside environment help minimize the risk of disease outbreaks among livestock.

2.2. Cost-saving in operation

  • Energy efficiency: The excellent insulation capability of pre-engineered steel buildings reduces heat loss, saving costs for heating or cooling systems.
  • Reduced repair costs: The durability and robustness of pre-engineered steel buildings minimize the risk of damage, reducing the need for frequent repairs.
  • Material reuse: Steel components can be reused when dismantling buildings, saving costs and being environmentally friendly.

2.3. Enhanced aesthetic value

  • Diverse designs: Pre-engineered steel buildings can be designed with various styles and patterns, suitable for users’ preferences and needs.
  • Material combination: Other materials such as glass, wood, etc., can be combined to create focal points and enhance the aesthetic appeal of pre-engineered steel buildings.
  • Landscape improvement: Modern pre-engineered steel building designs can contribute to improving the surrounding environmental landscape.

2.4. Expanding business opportunities

  • Facilitating year-round production activities: With good environmental control capabilities, pre-engineered steel buildings allow agricultural production activities to take place year-round, regardless of external weather conditions.
  • High-tech agriculture development: Pre-engineered steel buildings provide an ideal platform for applying advanced agricultural technologies such as hydroponics, aeroponics, etc.
  • Attracting visitors: Modern and unique pre-engineered steel building designs can attract visitors, creating opportunities for agricultural tourism development.

Advantages of pre-engineered steel buildings in agricultural construction

2.5. Contributing to sustainable agriculture development

  • Water resource conservation: Automatic irrigation systems can be installed in pre-engineered steel buildings to save water and reduce waste.
  • Renewable energy use: Solar energy can be utilized to provide power for pre-engineered steel buildings, minimizing environmental impact.
  • Reducing agricultural waste: Good environmental control in pre-engineered steel buildings helps reduce agricultural waste and protect the environment.

2.6. Optimizing production space

Traditional construction projects often require large concrete columns, taking up a lot of space. Steel frames solve this problem. Pre-engineered steel building structures do not require extensive space for building materials, leaving room for production.

2.7. High durability and load-bearing capacity

  • The house frame is made of galvanized steel or electrostatically painted steel, which is resistant to rust, termites, and can withstand harsh weather conditions such as rain, wind, storms, etc.
  • Sturdy steel structure, capable of bearing heavy loads, suitable for large-scale projects requiring spacious areas to store machinery, equipment, agricultural products, etc.

2.8. Flexibility in design and expansion

  • Pre-engineered steel buildings can be designed with various styles and patterns to meet the diverse usage needs of households, farms, cooperatives, etc.
  • Easily expandable area in the future by adding additional frames and roofing. This adaptability allows for quick decision-making and minimizes agricultural productivity disruptions.

Prefabricated steel buildings are flexible in design and expansion

2.9. Minimal maintenance required

Most traditional agricultural construction projects are made of wood, providing aesthetic and functional benefits to the structure. However, wood is not weather-resistant.

Within a few years, wooden structures can deteriorate and require maintenance such as painting or refurbishing materials, making pre-engineered steel buildings a highly considerate option.

2.10. Excellent fire resistance

  • Galvanized or electrostatically painted steel frames minimize the risk of fire and explosions.
  • Additional fire alarm and firefighting systems can be installed to ensure safety for the structure.

2.11. Easy cleaning and maintenance

Pre-engineered steel buildings with smooth steel surfaces are easy to clean and maintain. Additionally, they are less prone to termite and insect infestations, which can affect agricultural products and materials.

Benefits when applying pre-engineered steel buildings to agricultural construction

3. Common uses of pre-engineered steel buildings in constructing agricultural factories, warehouses

Pre-engineered steel buildings are increasingly favored in constructing agricultural factories due to their numerous superior advantages. Below are the common uses of pre-engineered steel buildings in this field:

3.1. Construction of processing plants for agricultural products

  • Food processing: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct processing plants for various agricultural products such as fruits, vegetables, meat, milk, etc., following safe and hygienic procedures.
  • Animal feed production: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct plants for the production of animal feed using modern processes, ensuring quality and nutrition for livestock.
  • Raw material processing: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct plants for processing agricultural raw materials such as cotton, sugar cane, rubber, etc., into high-value products.

3.2. Construction of storage warehouses

  • Grain storage: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct warehouses for storing post-harvest agricultural products such as rice, corn, sweet potatoes, etc., in optimal conditions to prevent losses and damage.
  • Fertilizer and chemical storage: Proper storage of fertilizers, pesticides, and chemicals is essential and compliant with regulations in agriculture. Pre-engineered metal buildings can be customized to meet storage requirements.
  • Equipment storage: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct warehouses for storing various agricultural equipment, tools, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.
  • Cold storage: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct cold storage facilities for preserving food and agricultural products at low temperatures, extending their shelf life.
  • Garages and vehicle storage: Farmers often use these buildings as metal garages or metal storage sheds for personal vehicles and as additional storage space for small equipment, tools, and supplies.

Construction of factories and agricultural product processing plants

3.3. Installation of farm sheds

  • Livestock sheds: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct sheds for various livestock such as pigs, poultry, cattle, goats, etc., ensuring a safe and hygienic living environment, limiting disease outbreaks, and improving livestock productivity.
  • Milking area: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct milking areas for dairy cows, ensuring hygiene and milk quality.
  • Crop protection: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct shelters for protecting crops from adverse weather conditions such as rain, hail, storms, etc.
  • Research area: Pre-engineered steel buildings are used to construct research facilities for conducting agricultural experiments and studies to improve crop yields, livestock productivity, etc.

4. Practical considerations when using pre-engineered steel buildings in agricultural construction

4.1. Choosing a reputable supplier

The quality of pre-engineered steel buildings largely depends on the quality of steel components. Therefore, it is important to choose a reputable supplier with experience in manufacturing and constructing pre-engineered steel buildings in the agricultural sector.

Seeking opinions from those who have previously used pre-engineered steel buildings can provide additional information and insight for selecting a suitable supplier.

4.2. Design tailored to usage needs

  • It is essential to clearly define the intended usage of the pre-engineered steel building to ensure a suitable design. For example, if used for food processing plants, a well-designed ventilation system is necessary, while for agricultural storage facilities, an appropriate preservation system should be designed.
  • Consulting with structural engineers and architects can lead to the most optimal design for the project.

4.3. Selecting appropriate materials

  • There are various materials available for pre-engineered steel buildings such as galvanized steel, powder-coated steel, corten steel, etc. Each material has its own advantages and disadvantages, so selecting the most suitable material based on usage conditions and project budget is crucial.
  • Seeking advice from suppliers can help in choosing the most appropriate material.

4.4. Proper construction techniques

  • Construction of pre-engineered steel buildings should be carried out by a skilled and experienced team of workers.
  • Adhering to technical requirements during construction is essential to ensure quality and safety for the structure.

4.5. Regular maintenance and upkeep

  • Pre-engineered steel buildings require regular maintenance and upkeep to ensure durability and longevity.
  • Regular cleaning of steel components and inspection of anti-corrosion and waterproofing systems are necessary.
  • Following the maintenance recommendations provided by the supplier is advisable.

Additionally, attention should be paid to the following issues:

  • Load capacity: Accurate calculation of the building’s load capacity is necessary to select steel frames capable of bearing appropriate loads.
  • Environment: Selecting suitable materials and designs that align with the environmental conditions of the construction site is important.
  • Legal considerations: Obtaining building permits prior to construction of pre-engineered steel buildings is essential.

Note when applying pre-engineered steel buildings

With the information and considerations above, it is hoped that you will choose and utilize pre-engineered steel buildings effectively for agricultural construction projects. In case you are seeking comprehensive solutions for warehouse construction or pre-engineered steel workshop, please contact Pebsteel via email at marketing@pebsteel.com.vn or phone at (+84) 28 38 475 475 for immediate consultation today.


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